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Ammonium formate
Ammonium formate CAS 540-69-2

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Ammonium formate CAS 540-69-2, NH4HCO2, is the ammonium salt of formic acid. It is a colorless, hygroscopic, crystalline solid. 



Specification of Ammonium formate

Appearance                    White powder

Assay, %                       ≥98.0
Residue on Ignition, %   ≤0.04
SO4, %                         ≤0.01
Chloride, %                   ≤0.004
Fe, %                            ≤0.001
Pb, %                            ≤0.0004

Applications

a) Pure ammonium formate decomposes into formamide and water when heated, and this is its primary use in industry. Formic acid can also be obtained by reacting ammonium formate with a dilute acid, and since ammonium formate is also produced from formic acid, it can serve as a way of storing formic acid.

b) Ammonium formate can also be used in palladium on carbon (Pd/C) reduction of functional groups. In the presence of Pd/C, ammonium formate decomposes to hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and ammonia. This hydrogen gas is adsorbed onto the surface of the palladium metal, where it can react with various functional groups. For example, alkenes can be reduced to alkanes, or formaldehyde to methanol. Activated single bonds to heteroatoms can also be replaced by hydrogens (hydrogenolysis).
c) Ammonium formate can be used for reductive amination of aldehydes and ketones 

d) Ammonium formate can be used as a buffer in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and is suitable for use with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The pKa values of formic acid and the ammonium ion are 3.8 and 9.2, respectively.

Packaging

25kg per bag

20.0mt per 20ft container without pallet
18.0mt per 20ft container with pallets

Storage & Handling

Keep in a tightly closed container.

Store in a cool, dry, corrosion-proof, ventilated area away from moisture, sources of heat or ignition, combustibles and oxidizers. Protect against physical damage.


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