Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate monohydrate is a vitamin B6 metabolite that can modify lysyl and valyl residues in proteins. It has the ability to inhibit purinergic receptors and intracellular influx of Ca2+. Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate monohydrate can modify peptides and suppress their precursor ionization efficiency. Research shows that pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes can be inhibited by cycloserine.
Enzyme cofactor; normal coenzyme form of Vitamin B6;
Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP) (active form of Vitamin B6) is an enzyme prosthetic group that acts as a coenzyme in transamination, decarboxylation and deamination reactions such as the conversion of dopa into dopamine; of glutamate into GABA; of histidine to histamine. PLP works mechanistically through formation of a Schiff-base.
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